“The Problem is Civil Obedience” – Howard Zinn

Excerpt from the book "Voices of a People's History of the United States" by Howard Zinn and Anthony Arnove, Seven Stories Press, 2004 p483 Howard Zinn, "The Problem is Civil Obedience" (November 1970) I start from the supposition that the world is topsy-turvy, that things are all wrong, that the wrong people are in jail …

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The Revolutionary MLK

The Real News Network : Jared Ball: Martin Luther King Jr. stood for revolutionary transformation; he is used today to support policies that he fought against PAUL JAY, SENIOR EDITOR, TRNN: Welcome to The Real News Network. I'm Paul Jay in Washington. January 17 this year is Martin Luther King Day. Couple of quotes from …

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The Aftermath of Independence

In this final outline, we come back to a larger vision of the Americas in the aftermath of the wars for independence. The outline begins with the key concepts of revolution and wars for independence and reemphasizes the complex nature of the different wars for independence, as well as their common patterns. Within a half …

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Revolutions Made and Unmade

In this outline, we return to the “big picture” of the age of revolutions. We look at the general processes across all of the Americas and compare all the revolutions. In particular, the outline focuses on how the differing colonial traditions (political, economic, and cultural) shaped the revolutionary paths and the outcomes of the wars …

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The Strange Case of Paraguay

Paraguay is perhaps the most unusual country in Latin America in the 19th century. Isolated deep in the interior of South America, it was largely populated through the creation of Jesuit missions in the 17th and 18th centuries. Ostensibly under the control of the viceroyalty of La Plata at the beginning of the 19th century, …

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The British West Indies and Canada

The British West Indies and Canada provide us with two more counterpoints to the successful wars of revolution. The 13 colonies were unusual in their revolt against British colonial rule. Canada and the British possessions in the West Indies did not seek independence. Both regions would experience a gradual transition to independence. They present fascinating …

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Failed Movements in the Caribbean

We have now seen about a dozen cases of successful wars for independence from Britain, France, Spain, and Portugal. Some of the American colonies, however, did not achieve independence in the age of revolution. Some chose not to rebel, or the uprisings were weak and relatively easily crushed. In this outline, we will look at …

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