Property: The “Unmovable Concernment” of Government

In 1691, John Lock wrote a letter of a Member of Parliament in London titled Some Considerations of the Consequences of the Lowering of Interest and Raising the Value of Money. Locke wrote in his letter: The multiplying of Brokers hinders the Trade of any Country, by making the Circuit, which the Money goes, larger, …

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John Adams On Reasons for Restricting Democracy

26 May 1776, Philadelphia, USA. Letter from John Adams to James Sullivan (Lawyer and politician of Massachusetts) Adams is responding to Sulliavn's claim that "Laws and Government are founded on the Consent of the people, and that consent should by each member of Society be given in proportion to his Right. Every member of Society …

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David Hume on the Passing of Property

David Hume, Essays, Moral, Political, and Literary (1742) Part II, Essay XII - OF THE ORIGINAL CONTRACT But to whom is allegiance due? And who is our lawful sovereign? This question is often the most difficult of any, and liable to infinite discussions. When people are so happy, that they can answer, Our present sovereign, …

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John Locke Justifies the Theft of Land from Native Americans

Let's talk John Locke. On 16 January 1811, Thomas Jefferson wrote a letter to Benjamin Rush stating: The room being hung around with a collection of the portraits of remarkable men, among them were those of Bacon, Newton & Locke. Hamilton asked me who they were. I told him they were my trinity of the …

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John Lock Justifies Slavery

Let's talk John Locke. On 16 January 1811, Thomas Jefferson wrote a letter to Benjamin Rush stating: The room being hung around with a collection of the portraits of remarkable men, among them were those of Bacon, Newton & Locke. Hamilton asked me who they were. I told him they were my trinity of the …

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Aristotle on Oligarchy vs Democracy

Aristotle's Politics, ~350 BCE, Book 3: Oligarchy is when men of property have the government in their hands; democracy, the opposite, when the indigent, and not the men of property, are the rulers The argument seems to show that, whether in oligarchies or in democracies, the number of the governing body, whether the greater number, …

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Plato on the Evils of a “Government Resting on a Valuation of Property”

Hi. Here is a very interesting and timely exchange between Socrates and Glaucon in Plato's The Republic, ~360 BCE, Book 8:   GLAUCON: And what manner of government do you term oligarchy? SOCRATES: A government resting on a valuation of property, in which the rich have power and the poor man is deprived of it. GLAUCON: …

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