Medium Income and Poverty in the United States

There is a basic belief in America that if you work hard, you can support yourself and your family. I have always argued that this is a myth for a great many of us. There is a simple proof: Median Household Income -- the income of every resident of that house that is over the …

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Slave Masters: A Quick Note on the First Aristocracy of the U.S.

Hi, Sharing a quick historical example of how a small group of persons can easily control the actions and fate of millions. This example is historically and academically interesting to me. In the first half of the 19th century, the largest single industry in the United States, measured in terms of both market capital and …

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Aristotle on Oligarchy vs Democracy

Aristotle's Politics, ~350 BCE, Book 3: Oligarchy is when men of property have the government in their hands; democracy, the opposite, when the indigent, and not the men of property, are the rulers The argument seems to show that, whether in oligarchies or in democracies, the number of the governing body, whether the greater number, …

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Orwell on Political Speech

Excerpts from Politics and the English Language by George Orwell, 1946 The word Fascism has now no meaning except in so far as it signifies ‘something not desirable’. The words democracy, socialism, freedom, patriotic, realistic, justice have each of them several different meanings which cannot be reconciled with one another. In the case of a word …

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Jefferson on the Inequality of Property

Thomas Jefferson to James Madison 28 Oct. 1785, Fontainebleau, Paris, France Papers 8:681--82 I set out yesterday morning to take a view of the place. For this purpose I shaped my course towards the highest of the mountains in sight, to the top of which was about a league. As soon as I had got …

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Aristotle on the Inequality of Property

Politics by Aristotle. Written in 350 BCE Book 2 Our purpose is to consider what form of political community is best of all for those who are most able to realize their ideal of life. We must therefore examine not only this but other constitutions, both such as actually exist in well-governed states, and any …

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The Powell Memo – Full Transcript

Introduction In 1971, Lewis Powell, then a corporate lawyer and member of the boards of 11 corporations, wrote a memo to his friend Eugene Sydnor, Jr., the Director of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. The memorandum was dated August 23, 1971, two months prior to Powell’s nomination by President Nixon to the U.S. Supreme Court. …

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