Origins of Revolution in the Atlantic World

By the beginning of the 18th century, the Americas, Europe, and Africa formed part of a world intimately connected by the exchange of peoples, goods, and ideas across the Atlantic Ocean. In this article, we look at the most important transformations that shaped that Atlantic world by the middle of the 18th century. The Enlightenment …

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The History of “I Do’s”

There is a much quoted line in Latin poetry: Bella gerant alii, tu felix Austria nube, which roughly translates to “Let others make war; you, fortunate Austria, marry”. This is the motto of one of Europe’s greatest dynasties: The House of Habsburg. [1] Through a series of strategic marriage arrangements, the Habsburgs brought Burgundy, Spain, …

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