Age of Revolution – Timeline

1700…………………………………………Bourbons replace Hapsburgs as royal family in Spain.
1763…………………………………………French and Indian (Seven Years’) War ends; westward migration in 13 colonies banned.
1764…………………………………………English Parliament passes Sugar Act.
1765…………………………………………English Parliament passes Stamp Act.
1766…………………………………………Stamp Act repealed.
1767…………………………………………English Parliament passes Townshend Acts.
1768…………………………………………British troops sent to Boston.
March 5, 1770……………………………Boston Massacre.
December 16, 1773……………………Boston Tea Party.
1774…………………………………………First Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia.
April 18, 1775…………………………….Paul Revere’s ride.
April 19, 1775…………………………….Battles of Lexington and Concord.
May 10, 1775…………………………….Second Continental Congress convenes.
June 17, 1775……………………………Battle of Bunker Hill.
January 1776…………………………….Thomas Paine publishes Common Sense.
July 4, 1776………………………………Continental Congress approves Declaration of Independence.
August 27, 1776………………………..British occupy New York City.
December 25–26, 1776………………Washington crosses the Delaware River; Battle of Trenton.
January 3, 1777…………………………Battle of Princeton.
September 11, 1777…………………..Battle of Brandywine.
October 1777…………………………….Washington takes army to Valley Forge for the winter.
October 17, 1777……………………….British defeated at Saratoga.
November 15, 1777……………………Congress approves Articles of Confederation.
1778………………………………………..France and the United States form an alliance.
1778………………………………………..Decree of “Free Trade” allows opening of more ports in Spanish America and Spain to trade.
May 12, 1780……………………………British capture Charleston, South Carolina.
1780–1781……………………………….Rebellion of Tupac Amaru in Peru.
January 17, 1781………………………Battle of Cowpens, South Carolina.
March 1, 1781…………………………..Articles of Confederation ratified.
October 19, 1781………………………Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown.
1783………………………………………..British and Americans sign peace treaty in Paris.
1787………………………………………..Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia drafts a constitution for the new nation.
1788………………………………………..All states ratify the Constitution except Rhode Island and North Carolina.
March 4, 1789…………………………..First U.S. Congress convenes in New York City.
April 30, 1789……………………………George Washington sworn in as first president of the United States.
July 14, 1789…………………………….French Revolution begins with the storming of the Bastille.
1789………………………………………..Minas conspiracy in Brazil.
1791………………………………………..Bill of Rights (first 10 amendments to the Constitution) adopted.
1791………………………………………..Slave rebellion erupts in Saint Domingue.
1799………………………………………..Napoleon emerges as a power in France.
January 1, 1804………………………..Haiti becomes an independent nation.
1806………………………………………..Miranda makes failed attempt to liberate Venezuela; British invasion of Buenos Aires.
1807………………………………………..Napoleon invades Portugal, and Braganzas flee to Brazil.
1808………………………………………..Napoleon imprisons Spanish king and crown prince, taking control of Spain; Brazilian ports opened to world trade; Central Junta formed in Seville to oppose French.
January 1810……………………………Regency replaces Central Junta in Spain.
April 1810…………………………………Venezuelan junta deposes royal authority.
May 1810…………………………………Junta takes over from viceroy in Argentina.
July 1810…………………………………Juntas take power in Paraguay and Colombia.
September 1810……………………….Hidalgo leads revolt in Mexico; junta organizes government in Chile.
1811………………………………………..Venezuelan congress declares independence; United Provinces of New Granada founded; Hidalgo captured and executed in Mexico.
1812………………………………………..Spanish constitution takes effect; Spanish forces defeat rebels in Venezuela.
1813………………………………………..British and Spanish forces drive French from Spain.
1814………………………………………..Fernando VII restored to Spanish throne.
1815………………………………………..Morelos captured and executed in Mexico; Bolívar writes Jamaica Letter.
1816………………………………………..Congress of Tucumán declares Argentine independence.
1818………………………………………..San Martín and O’Higgins defeat Spanish forces in Chile.
1819………………………………………..Bolívar wins battle of Boyacá.
1820………………………………………..Liberal revolts in Spain and Portugal create constitutional monarchies.
April 1821…………………………………João VI returns to Portugal from Brazil.
July 1821………………………………….San Martín seizes Lima.
August 1821……………………………..Mexico achieves independence under Iturbide.
July 1822………………………………….Bolívar establishes Gran Colombia.
September 1822………………………..Pedro declares Brazilian independence.
1823…………………………………………Portuguese expelled from Brazil; Central America separates from Mexico.
1824…………………………………………Battle of Ayacucho liberates Peru.
1825…………………………………………Sucre liberates Bolivia.
1828…………………………………………Uruguay becomes an independent nation.
1830…………………………………………Death of Bolívar; Gran Colombia fragments into Ecuador, Colombia, and Venezuela.
1831…………………………………………Pedro I of Brazil abdicates.
1838…………………………………………United Provinces of Central America fragments into Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica.

Return to The Age of Revolution in the Americas

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